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乔纳森.奥特曼,全球创业周总裁 在全球创业周中国站的演讲(中英文对照,先分享后细品) 2009年11月24日 10:23:26


Global Entrepreneurship Week

A Week of Optimism



Beijing (approximately 8 minutes)


Jonathan Ortmans, President, Global Entrepreneurship Week, Senior Fellow, Kauffman Foundation


I am deeply grateful to Yan Junqi – and all the team here at and the Shanghai Technology Entrepreneurship Foundation for Graduates who have led China’s engagement in Global Entrepreneurship Week.


This past week, the world has celebrated entrepreneurship across all cultures. Entrepreneurs birth the new, create jobs and build economies.   According to new Kauffman Foundation research this month, companies less than five years old created nearly two-thirds of net new jobs in 2007. These firms create more jobs than their older counterparts, as well as a higher average number of jobs per firm and there is a substantial set of rapidly growing businesses within this group of companies.  Entrepreneurs are turning ideas into disruptive breakthroughs and building economies.


Left to their own devices in dorm rooms and garages, young innovators will exercise their power to change things for the better.  Their ideas often revolutionize the way we live, improve lives and expand human welfare.  This week the world has looked beyond entrepreneurship’s narrow commercial significance and seen a deeper importance to lighting candles in young minds.

在 简陋的学生宿舍甚至车库里白手起家,这些年轻的创新者尽其之力让世界变得更为美好。他们的创意点子给我们的生活方式带来了革命性的变化,改善了我们的生活 质量,为整个人类带来福祉。在过去的一周里,我们看到的不仅是创业精神所包含的商业重要性,也看到了这种精神如何点亮年轻人心中的明灯,这才是其更为重要 的意义。


Who are today’s young innovators?  You may first think of Internet well known figures like Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg or eBay co-founder Pierre Omidyar. But tech geniuses make up only a small part of the picture.  


For example, Cao Dewang emerged from humble beginnings in Fuqing to become one of China’s most successful entrepreneurs. He started his own business at the age of 16, selling cut tobacco and fruit and working as a chef. By 1987, he had founded Fuyao Group, which specializes in the production of automotive safety glass and industrial technological glass. In just six years the company became the first in its sector in China to be listed in the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Today it boasts more than 10,000 employees and glass production facilities in six major cities, with additional business offices in America, Japan, Korea, Australia, Russia, and Germany. To honor his great work, Cao was named Ernst and Young’s Entrepreneur of the Year in 2009.


These young people and thousands like them exemplify what’s possible when you pursue your dreams.  Perhaps they were the inspiration for magazine mogul Steve Forbes when he stated “the real source of wealth and capital in this new era is not material things.  It is the human mind, the human spirit, the human imagination and our faith in the future.”


More than once, faith in ideas and innovation has rescued families and entire nations from the grips of poverty.  Take Rwanda in Africa for example.  Following the genocide in 1994, with their country in political and humanitarian shambles, officials needed a plan to bolster economic recovery. 


Policymakers introduced major reforms, like making it quicker and easier for citizens to start new businesses.  They cut corporate tax rates and developed resources to support private-sector development.


Put simply, they put their faith in the hands of entrepreneurs. They created an environment that encouraged citizens to take chances and start new ventures.  As a result, they helped raise the gross domestic product growth rate from a dramatic decline of close to 50% in 1994 to today’s positive 11.2%.  


Entrepreneurs also have the power to advance human welfare.  Across the globe, countries that embrace entrepreneurship see measurable improvements in education, sanitation, food production and gender equality.


Just ask Julian Omalla.  As a young woman, she started as a fruit trader in her Ugandan village, operating out of a single wheelbarrow.  With persistence and a strong belief in herself, she jumped through a litany of hoops to launch what has become the country’s largest juice processing factory, now with 450 employees.  Julian serves in the Uganda Women Entrepreneur’s Network, where she helps connect other ambitious women to the information and resources they need to create their own success stories. 


Fortunately, more and more young people like Julian are banding together in the interest of entrepreneurship.  So striking out on your own no longer means going it alone. 


From social networks to communications tools like Skype, technologies pioneered by past entrepreneurs have made collaboration among this new generation of pioneers much easier.  Bright young minds from the most far-flung locations can share stories, connect with experts and find outlets for their ideas.  Entrepreneurs, employees and investors from Jordan to Japan now can join forces.  They understand that for innovation to flourish, national boundaries must be viewed as porous.

从社交网站到像Skype这 样的通讯工具,创业家中的先辈们为后来者提供了技术工具,使跨越时空的合作变得更为便利。即使有天海相隔,年轻的创业者们仍可交流经验,咨询专家,将他们 创意点子变为可行计划。从约旦到日本,创业家们、普通员工、投资者现在可以联手创业。他们深知,要使创新得以光大,他们的视野必须超越国域疆界。

This is precisely the big idea behind Global Entrepreneurship Week.  This past week, millions of aspiring young entrepreneurs from 87 countries connected and explored how they can turn their dreams into reality.  


Founded by the Kauffman Foundation in the U.S. and the Make Your Mark campaign in the UK, the intense activity of Global Entrepreneurship Week is fueling and engaging a new generation of entrepreneurial talent.  In times past, younger idealistic generations saw big business as inconsistent with their dreams to make a better world.  A post-Google generation now views the marketplace in a more positive light and start-ups as a means to make a difference in the world not as a barrier to their future dreams for the planet.

由美国考夫曼基金会和英国的Make Your Mark联手创立,全球创业周的活动鼓舞和激励了新一代的创业人才。在过去,秉持理想主义的年轻一代认为商业与他们改善世界的理想格格不入。如今,后谷歌时代的年轻人则以更加积极的眼光看待商业,并将创业看成是改善世界的一个手段,而不是在实现全球未来之梦的路上的一个障碍。

This past week, Global Entrepreneurship Week has seen innovation tournaments, clean tech challenges, mentoring and speednetworking events, policy summits from DC to Dubai and more all tackling today’s key challenges—from simple conveniences in daily life to the biological state of our planet.


With Global Entrepreneurship Week, we are engineering an idea movement.  Our ongoing work will inspire a new generation of revolutionary thinkers to chase their dreams and realize their potential.   


Of course, we know that devoting a week each November to entrepreneurship will not sufficiently alter the environment.  It can raise awareness, build excitement and spark new relationships.  But real change demands sustained collaboration from stakeholders at a much higher level, including academia, policymakers and large businesses. 


University environments are natural breeding grounds for creativity, the exchange of ideas and new ways of looking at and studying things.  That’s why they are natural players in the future of entrepreneurship. 


Already, colleges and universities are making entrepreneurship the fastest-growing field of study on campus. In some cases, we’re seeing the emergence of an entirely new academic field devoted to the pursuit of ideas.


It’s imperative that universities continue to explore ways of becoming more entrepreneurial-focused—not only in what they teach and how they teach it, but in how they operate.  How can their discoveries and intellectual capital set off a chain reaction of innovative thinking and marketable advancements?


We can take our cue from highly entrepreneurial universities in high-growth regions. What do they have in common?  Their faculty members are encouraged, not dissuaded, to have extensive contacts with private industry.  This means professors can bring real-world insights, like practical value creation, into the classroom to more effectively inspire and engage their students.

要 回答这个问题,我们可以从那些高速发展地区中以富有创业精神闻名的大学里找点线索。它们有什么共同点呢?这些学校的教员们都被鼓励(而不是劝阻)与私人企 业进行频繁接触。这意味这教授们能够将实际的经验,比如创造价值的实用方法,带进课堂,从而更为有效地激发学生的创意。

From a government perspective, I mentioned earlier how officials in Rwanda sparked economic growth by reforming policies.  You’ll find similar examples in the economic turnarounds of Ireland, Israel, India and the United States.  Mountains of evidence prove that policies designed to encourage entrepreneurial innovation can lead to economic growth.  And policymakers are beginning to recognize that


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